frequently asked questions

1. Is chiropractic legal in france?

Yes. It was legalised in 2002 and has been regulated since 2011. There are currently 2 chiropractic schools in France, in Toulouse and Paris. My daughter Lily attends the one in Toulouse.

2. What education do chiropractors have?

Degree Requirements

These basic educational requirements for graduates of both chiropractic and medical schools show that although each has its own specialties, the hours of classroom instruction are about the same. (The class hours for basic science comparisons were compiled and averaged following a review of curricula of 18 chiropractic colleges and 22 medical schools.)

Minimum Required Hours

Chiropractic College Medical School
Anatomy/Embryology 456 215
Physiology 243 174
Pathology 296 507
Chemistry/Biochemistry 161 100
Microbiology 145 145
Diagnosis 408 113
Neurology 149 171
Psychology/Psychiatry 56 323
Obstetrics & Gynecology 66 284
X-ray 271 13
Orthopedics 168 2
Total Hours for Degree 2,419 2,047

3. Does chiropractic hurt and is it safe?

The chiropractic adjustment does not hurt. I use techniques that are direct yet gentle, non-invasive and reflect each patients individual needs.

Regarding safety, in 1979, the New Zealand government, who established a special commission to study chiropractic, released the following summary statement:

The conspicuous lack of evidence that chiropractors cause harm or allow harm to occur through neglect of medical referral can be taken to mean only one thing: that chiropractors have on the whole have an impressive safety record.

(Chiropractic methodology and protocols have improved dramatically since this commission.)

Two colleagues and I have delivered a million+ adjustments without incident. For us, chiropractic is safer than eating hot dogs, driving a car or taking muscle relaxers.

In the interests of maintaining a positive website, I will not discuss chiropractic versus medical safety. Should you want to explore this: health and safety will get you on your way.

4. Is chiropractic reimbursed in France?

While legal and regulated, chiropractic is not yet part of the social security system. I would like to believe that the politics to include chiropractic are underway. There are however some ‘mutuelles’ that pay for initial visits, Understanding that patients are responsible for their care, I created an affordable fee schedule.

5. Is chiropractic effective?

There is adequate information that chiropractic is effective for back pain relief. Studies that suggest it is effective for conditions like migraines, asthma or infertility for example, are limited and anecdotal. The lack of scientific proof does not mean that it does not take place. For some, research is required, for others, personal results are adequate. (This subject is addressed more fully in the question below.) Please look at a compilation of research by Dr.Axe, MD:

6. Can chiropractic cure or heal cancer, migraines, bedwetting, infertility, etc?

It is true that chiropractic patients experience what they call ‘miracles’. I have seen some in my office for concerns other than back pain. It is also true that chiropractors, myself included, do not try to cure or heal their patients’ conditions, but rather try to remove the obstacles that suppress healing. This is a very important distinction to make. I believe that the ‘miracles’ are a result of improved communication between the brain and the body along with some quantum physics activity. The body’s ability to heal is remarkable… even miraculous when unencumbered.

The answer then to the question, ‘can chiropractic cure cancer, migraines etc.’, is no. It is only the body that heals; it just has a better chance without interference. Ultimately, it is easier to climb a mountain without someone on your back.

7. Whats the difference between a chiropractor and an osteopath?

My observations from working with osteopaths are that we differ philosophically, our application and intention on contact are different, that chiropractors appear to work more globally, meaning on the entire person and not just the symptom, and that chiropractic visits are shorter and more frequent. Both have value, they are just different. Choosing one over the other depends on what one is looking for.

For a french perspective, look at

8. Is it true that some patients experience emotional changes while under chiropractic care?

Yes. Almost every patient experiences some emotional change. It can range from uncontrollable laughter, gentle crying, singing and outbursts of joy to the more typical sense of optimism and lightness. Subluxations are caused by emotional, physical and chemical stress to the nervous system and body. My understanding is that once an emotionally-caused subluxation is removed, the body is released from the pathological effect of this emotion, leading to a cathartic release.

9. Is it true that chiropractors want you see them for the the rest of your life, even when you feel better?

I have heard this said of chiropractors. Personally I only want to serve patients who want to be in the office because the work has value not because I suggest the logic of regular pro-active care.

Typically if something is good for us, like exercising regularly, we want to do it for as long as possible. If the chiropractic experience is a good one, and the idea of structure and function makes sense, the same should hold true.

We take medication for life, without question, for conditions readily managed by modifications in lifestyle, yet resist the idea of regular spinal care. The thought process behind this double standard is worth examining.

Chiropractic typically starts as a necessity and becomes a lifestyle choice. Look at the chiropractic process and phases of care.

10. Can chiropractors help athletes with performance?

Some of the biggest athletes swear by chiropractic to gain that ‘little bit extra’. From Usain Bolt to Bradley Wiggens and Tiger Woods there is an understanding that chiropractic can be the difference between ‘potential and performance’, between winning or losing. As a former athlete, I can confirm this to be true. For me, besides the obvious changes that result from an adjustment, like improved range of motion, it was the little things like peripheral vision, lung capacity, calmness, clarity, proprioception, reaction time, muscle firing timing and coordination that made the difference.

While serving on the medical team for Montpellier-Herault Rugby Club, seeing players 2-3 times week, I had the pleasure of working with some great players to include Gregor Townsend, Mamuka Gorgodze, Louis Picamoles, Drikus Hanke and Rikus lubbe. Our work was centered around preparation, injury prevention, performance and recuperation. I have also had the pleasure of helping Springbok World Cup winner, Andre Pretorius while he was playing in Carcassone. Take a look at the following link regarding Usain Bolt and Bradley Wiggens. For more comments by top athletes, look at chiropractic athletes.